深入。然后回到海内，在剖析了其出台背景以及举行一些经济剖析以后，将对海内外的二板市场加以比拟剖析，重在取长补短。最初，针对前文做出的比拟剖析，本文将对海内GEM的建设提出提议，并对中国二板市场的前景做出瞻望。 关键词：宝石在美国及欧洲 操作系统 市场风险 Ⅰ The Overview ofGEM ⅰCharacteristics of The Growth Enterprise Market( GEM)in China In GEM China, the most notable characteristic is the low listing financial threshold. Due to different market position, comparing to the Main-Board Market, GEM still has the following characteristics. Figure 1 Comparisons of listing conditions in SMEs in GEM ⅡPractice&Apocalypse of GEM in US & Europe market ⅰNASDAQ Feb.8th in 1971,NASDAQformally startedas an intangible electronic networkmarket and was recognized as the cradle of high-tech enterprise growth.Until the end of October in 2007, 3075companies listedin NASDAQ.The total value of stocks attained $4389.6 billion. 结业论文网 篮彩NBA彩票,篮球彩票网站,篮球彩票预测http://www.lw54.com 1.Broad Market Orientation of NASDAQ Figure 3 Multi-level organization structure & sets of listing standards of NASDAQ Figure 2-2 Level transitionis suitable to different situations enterprise‘s stock trading Although on the same level, NASDAQ also has different listing standards for different types of companies. NASDAQ has3 listing standards, companies which need to meet only one standard can be listed, a number of emerging high-tech enterprise successfully to raise funds, a large number of small businesses stand out through listing in NASDAQ and become new industry tycoons, eg, microsoft. The Mixed Trading System of NASDAQ In 1997, NASDAQ implemented new Order Handling Rules which is issued by SEC.OHR reform. Through the introduction of new instruction processing rules and new market participants,unique mixed trading system which has both merits to market maker system and Bidding system. ⅱAlternative Investment Market (abb. AIM) AIM grows steadily since founded, the trading is active. Especially since 2003, the turnovers of AIM were continuously enlargedand reached 1216 billion pounds in 2006. The turnovers were 60 times bigger than they in 1996 which were 20 billion pounds. 结业论文网 http://www.lw54.com 1. Strong inclusiveness market position AIM is strong inclusiveness thatwelcomes all types of small and medium-sized enterprises listed in it. This diversified industry structure not only expands the scope of the listed companies, but also avoids Systemic market risk efficiently. 篮彩NBA彩票,篮球彩票网站,篮球彩票预测 Figure 4TheSector Selection in AIM 2.Loose listing requirements and unique lifelong guarantor system. The financial and quantity index requirements of listing on AIM is lowest in the world main GEM. It has no restrictions on company size, income, stock transfer and the minimum requirement of public holding. The low listing standard of AIM has industry self-discipline. Lifelong guarantor system refers to the listed companies must hire a company with legal qualifications company as thEir guarantor before and after any time of listing. Guarantors are approved by FSA, and supervised by LSE. The responsibility of AIM is to inspect guarantors to ensure them performing thEIr duties.